I love it when science helps prove things in the Bible actually happened.
I have for most of my life been interested in history and archeology. For the past year or so, I have been studying geology. Particularly the last three ice ages. This, combined with a general fascination with not to terribly technical science, has lead me to stumble across several things which substantiate some hard to believe (for non-believers) things in the Bible.
WARNING: I only write pieces that are about one and a half pages in length. I must by necessity omit many details. I have not independently verified my sources. Moreover, everyone has his or her own beliefs, which will be either proved or disproved only after we meet God in person. It is my belief that God will never permit living man to prove conclusively that he exists. I believe that God requires us to have faith. Consequently, I believe that God frequently acts through natural phenomena and only uses supernatural influences on very rare occasions (i.e., the miracles performed by Jesus). It is also my belief that the Bible, while 100 percent theologically true, was written by men under the influence of the Holy Spirit to reveal God to man or to relate mans relationship with God for the benefit of future generations. It was not written as a history text or biography.
Perhaps easiest science proven biblical phenomena occurred during the crucifixion. During the crucifixion of Jesus, there was an earthquake and darkness fell upon the Earth. Someone has run the astronomical calendar backwards for nearly 2000 years and discovered that there was an eclipse of the Sun on Friday, April 3, 33 A.D.; the first Good Friday. This Eclipse would have been visible in the Middle East. As people did not understand the movements of the sun, planets, and the moon until a couple of hundred years ago, eclipses were very difficult to predict.
To me, it is amazing that somehow from the time that the universe came into existence, the "clockwork" of our solar system just happened to work out that there was an eclipse of the Sun visible in Jerusalem on the day and at the hour of the crucifixion of Jesus. It is almost more amazing than the hand of God blocking the light.
The next item discovered was that someone had worked backwards the orbits of Haley's comet. In the process, that scientist discovered that Haley's comet passed very close to the Earth, in fact, between the Earth and the Moon, at about the time that Moses would have lead the Israelites out of Egypt.
Before the Suez Canal, the Red Sea was a shallow marshy body of water. Haley's comet, this scientist believes, would have had just enough gravitational pull, combined with a full moon, to have caused the waters of the Red Sea to have drained out of the basin for a short while. Perhaps just long enough for Moses and the Israelite to cross, but not long enough to allow Pharaoh's army to follow.
That close to the Earth, Haley's comet could very well looked like a column of cloud by day and a column of fire by night. It also would have moved from West to East in its orbit, the direction taken by the Israelites. Again, an A+ to God for finesse by setting up the universe that the orbit of a comet would have delivered his people from the Egyptians at exactly the right time.
The next two items go back to the earliest times recorded in Geneses. The Location of the Garden of Eden and the Flood of Noah.
According to Geneses, the Garden of Eden was located at the confluence of four rivers; the Tigris, Euphrates, Pishon, and the Gihon. Nearly every one knows that the Tigris and Euphrates flow nearly parallel to each other from the border of Turkey through Iraq to the Persian Gulf. Therefore, Eden must have been in Iraq, right?
But what about the other two rivers? Where are they? Satellite imagery may provide the answer.
We know that the Pyramids were built in about 3000 B.C. About 5,000 years ago. The Egyptian culture was pretty sophisticated. They had written language, metallurgy, advanced tool making skills, and an understanding of mathematics and engineering. What about before that?
The last ice age ended about 10,000 years ago and most of the glacial melting ended about 8,000 years ago. At that time, the Earth's climate was much cooler. Places like Saudi Arabia were temperate, rather than blazing hot desert. Also, much of the Earth's water had been suspended in vast sheets of ice on land, which left the oceans much lower than they are today. Archeologists have discovered that places like the Persian Gulf were "dry" and that there were human settlements there, now under water.
A quick trip to Google Earth will show two dry riverbeds in that area. About one-third down the gulf on the Iranian side, you can see a fairly distinct dry riverbed with a broad delta area at the Persian Gulf. A little way below Kuait, in Saudi Arabia, is a dry river channel flowing from the Southwest to the Northeast. These may have been the Pishon, and the Gihon leaving us to conclude that the Garden of Eden may have been the Persian Gulf basin and that early man may have been driven from that moist paradise by the rising ocean and warmer drier climate.
Additionally, scientists have discovered that at the end of the last ice age, it was not uncommon to have floods of biblical proportions. As the oceans rose, low places like the Persian Gulf, the Mediterranean Sea, and the Black Sea had rising oceans top higher ridges and cause a cataclysmic flood with resulting tsunami that would have run up into any nearby ranges of mountains before receding.
In sum, it is not unlikely that a few thousand years before the Pyramids, Man would have experienced both the loss of an idyllic garden spot at the confluence of four rivers and may also have experienced a catastrophic flood wiping out most of the known civilizations. Such people would have had at least an oral history, if not a written history, to pass down to descendants who later wrote about how God drove man from paradise on Earth and also flooded the Earth because of the sinfulness of man.