Rhodes, 37, Terre Haute, was one of the suspects 60 law enforcement officials from 11 different local, state and federal agencies arrested as part of the August 2008, drug warrant sweep.
However, Rhodes was apparently not in Clay County during the initial raid.
The United States Marshals Office Fugitive Task Force took over the manhunt, locating and taking Rhodes into custody Sept. 8, 2008, in Lee County, Florida.
The class B felony dealing methamphetamine arrest warrant issued against Rhodes stemmed from allegations he was involved in a drug deal with a confidential informant and an undercover police officer at a local gas station on Aug. 7, 2009.
After two years of various court proceedings, the jury trial finally began Monday.
Clay County Prosecutor Lee Reberger, with assistance from Chief Deputy Kim Jackson, presented the state's case, while attorney Charles Hear was Rhodes' defense counsel.
On Wednesday, after Hear said the jurors had listened to enough evidence and the state failed to prove the case, the defense didn't present any evidence in the case. Rhodes didn't take the stand to testify either.
During closing arguments, Reberger said the case was determined by Rhodes' behavior.
"It's simple," Reberger said. "This was a drug deal. If there was no drug deal, then you don't exchange methamphetamine, or take the money, or let a stranger get out of the car and take the meth."
Hear took issue with the state's entire case, which included a recording of the drug transaction.
"I told you at the beginning of this case that everyone was going to tell you what they wanted you to hear on the recording," Hear said. "But you get to listen to what was actually said."
Then Hear took issue with the use of a confidential informant, whom Hear claimed initiated the drug transaction within eight seconds after they returned to the car with the undercover officer.
While Hear didn't dispute the fact Rhodes was in the car that night, he said Rhodes' presence wasn't enough to convict him of the dealing charge.
"This (person) is facing 20-50 years, feeling like it is 20 facing life, set up the perfect patsy," Hear said.
"Does Dusty Rhodes Jr., look like three years of meth use? My client had a problem, but didn't deal meth. This is why we have jury trials."
The jury received its final instructions in the case and was adjourned to begin deliberation at 2 p.m.
Six hours later, Clay Circuit Court Judge Joseph Trout was notified of the hung jury.
According to officials, upon request of the Clay County Prosecutor's Office, the case could be returned to the court calendar for a new jury trial as early as May.