Here is some of the information they had to share.
The dry warm conditions aren't completely bad for crop production. The dry warm conditions result in deep warm soil, encouraging good root growth.
However, when corn is in v3 to v5 stages and it starts to wilt, it means the plant is suffering from drought conditions, which isn't good.
Ultimately, the next few weeks will be crucial in determining the corn yield for this summer.
This is because the v5 stage is when corn ear size is determined. Thus, a drought would cause the size and number of rows to decrease. If a drought would continue into v12 to v15 stages, the ear length would also be impacted.
For those of you who are curious, there have been a few minor reports of cutworms across the state.
However, it is believed the majority of that problem is behind us for this year. If you have time, then you should continue to scout for the cutworms into June.
Thanks to the dry warm weather, about half of Indiana's soybeans were planted two-and-a-half weeks ahead of the five-year average. Therefore, some farmers are trying to determine if their beans are performing well or if they should replant. If you are trying to determine if you should replant, you should realize that planting soybeans in late May is still relatively timely, assuming field conditions are right.
When deciding if you are going to replant, you need to determine the soybean plant population.
If the soybean plant population is 70,000 plants per acre or greater, then don't replant. If the soybean plant population is 60,000 plants per acre, then replant only if current moisture conditions are adequate enough for germination and emergence. If you do replant, only plant the seeds at a depth of 1.5-2 inches to avoid problems.
It is believed some wheat may be able to be harvested two weeks earlier than normal. However, most of the wheat across the state is short. If you believe your wheat has been impacted by frost, then look for a white head as frost damage is becoming more apparent as time has passed.
So far, forage quality this year has been very high based on the first cuttings across the state. For those of you looking to other forage options outside of hay, wheat is one alternative.
For the best quality, wheat should be harvested for forage at the pre-flower stage. Occasionally, if livestock consume bearded wheat, they will get abscesses. Ultimately, the closer to maturity the wheat is, the higher the probability of an abscesses occurring.
As always, if you have any questions or would like information on any agriculture, horticulture, or natural resource topic, then please contact your local Purdue Extension Office at 448-9041 in Clay County, or 812-829-5020 in Owen County, or reach me directly at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Purdue University is an equal opportunity/equal access/affirmative action institution.
Upcoming opportunities available to you through Purdue Extension include:
* June 4 -- Owen County Extension Board Meeting, Owen County Extension Office,
* June 10-14 -- Owen County 4-H Horse Camp,
* June 16 -- Open Horse Pleasure Show at the Owen County Fairgrounds,
* June 17-19 -- 4-H Camp, and
* June 19 -- Pond Management, Owen County 4-H Exhibit Hall, 6:30-8 p.m.